Sep 10, 2019
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Allergy Medicine and its popular types

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When the immune system of the body overreactsto outside agents like viruses and bacteria, it causes an illness, which is called as Allergy. The material or agent that causes the immune system to overreact in this manner is called an allergen.

List of common allergens

  • Pollen
  • Dust
  • foods, like eggs and nuts
  • pet dander
  • bee stings
  • latex
  • medications

The body develops antibodies to a material after exposure. Whenever a person is exposed to the same allergen later on, an allergic reaction takes place.

Fast facts on Allergy Medicine

  1. Decongestants,Antihistamines, nasal steroids and epinephrine, can all stop allergy symptoms.
  2. Allergy Medicines can be used for stopping a severe allergic reaction.
  3. Symptoms of Allergy are different for different materials that are allergy-causing, however they can affect the digestive and respiratory systems and skin.
  4. The best method to prevent an allergic reaction is to avoid allergens.

Allergy Medicine

There are different treatments for allergy relief. The below mentioned classes are all medicines:

  1. Antihistamines

Antihistamine is an effective Allergy Medicine used mainly for other allergies and hay fever. These medications reverse the effects of histamines, which is made by the body to assist the immune system fight with invading substances.Antihistamines are among many options thatexist to treat allergies.

Histamines give rise to unpleasant symptoms while giving an allergic reaction, for instance,sneezing,a runny nose, and itchy eyes.

Antihistamines are present in both ways over the counter (OTC) and by prescription. This Allergy Medicinecan be in the form of liquid,tablets, nasal sprays, eye drops and creams.

Older antihistamines, like Benadryl and Chlor-Trimeton, relieve your allergy symptoms but can cause drowsiness. Patient should avoid driving on taking thismedication.

Other common side effects include:

  • dizziness
  • constipation
  • dry mouth
  • blurred vision
  • urinary retention

Newly formulated antihistamines have lesser side effects and they are less likely to cause drowsiness, only except Zyrtec. These medications are available in tablet form. Brands are Allegra, Clarinex, Alavert,Claritin, Zyrtec, and Xyzal.

Common ill effects of these antihistamines include:

  • a dry nose
  • dry mouth
  • a headache
  • nausea and malaise
  1. Decongestants

Decongestants can clear sinus congestion and a stuffy nose.This best allergy medicine shrinks blood vessels inside the nose and opens up nasal passages.These medicines are often available in OTC pill as well as spray form. Examples of these decongestants include Sudafed PE, Afrin Nasal Spray,and so on.

  • Side effects of decongestants may include:
  • restlessness
  • dizziness
  • nervousness
  • a headache
  • dry mouth
  • trouble sleeping
  • headaches

Side effects of nasal sprays include:

  • a temporary burning sensation in the nose
  • a dry or runny nose
  • sneezing
  1. Nasal corticosteroids

Nasal corticosteroids are prescription based medications that relieve symptoms of allergy by reducing inflammation caused due to an allergen. Corticosteroid nasal sprays, for example, Flonase and Nasacort, will help relieve sneezing, stuffiness,and a runny nose.

Side effects of nasal corticosteroids are:

  • unpleasant smell in the nose
  • nasal irritation
  • foul taste in the mouth
  • nosebleeds
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